Ffynnon Fair, Dolgellau

Ffynnon Fair, dolgellau

Ffynnon Fair, St Mary’s Well, lies fairly close to the town centre in Dolgellau. To find it follow Cader Street out of Eldon Square and then turn left up a steep narrow lane, Love Lane, just after passing a Ffynnon Street on the right. Pass a small hotel called Ffynnon and then the well is signposted for pedestrians along a track on the right hand side.

Ffynnon Fair will be a great disappointment to the pilgrim, “the well that likes to say no”. In that the entrance gate is firmly locked and secured with a bicycle chain.  Normally this would be no hindrance, but the surrounding walls were a little too high and the stone flagged floor surrounding the well looked a little too slippery to attempt to jump in.

Ffynnon Fair, dolgellauWhat we see here dates mainly from the early Victorian period when the well was used as the main water supply for the town. At that time it was walled around with a roof over. Beti Dafis, a notable local character of the time, undertook the collection of funds to  make repairs to the well in the 1840s but soon afterwards alternative water supplies were organised and by 1890 it was reported to be in a neglected condition and fears were that it could soon be lost.

In 1880 a correspondent of the Caernarfonshire and Denbigh Herald wrote

At one time there was a good roof to shelter those who were undressing, and to keep their clothes dry while bathing. The roof has now fallen in. At one time the well, a square cistern, was kept filled with pure clean water. Now it is empty, and the bottom covered with the accumulated dirt of years. At one time there was a plug to let out the water after bathing, and to allow the water to collect. Now there is none. At one time there was a good stone wall around the place; now it is falling into ruin for want of attention. At one time there was a constant flow of water into the cistern; now there is hardly any, it presumably having been diverted into other sources. And why is tghis? Simply because there has not been elected to the local board men who have public spirit and enterprise sufficient to look after the property of the townspeople…”  

The Royal Commission visited in 1913. They noted the recent age of the structure but did not describe its condition. They commented that

This is doubtless the well that was associated with the parish church. The name of the well is remembered but no traditions of healing or of popular resort to it appear to have survived.

Ffynnon Fair, dolgellauThere appears to have been talk even then of restoring the well, but nothing came of it until 100 years later when a group organised by the Dolgellau Heritage Society cleared and restored the site., after which the well was placed into the care of the Dolgellau Town council.

Although the Royal Commission were unable to identify any healing tradition associated with the well, the Christmas 2006 edition of Llygad y Ffynnon notes that it was once famous for its ability to improve arthritis, though other sources suggest rheumatism. The following cures were also recorded in a report from the early 1850s  at the time that the well was being restored.

 Mr John Pugh – a shoemaker of Penbryn, Dolgellau had been suffering from fits for 10 years and all the doctors had given up on curing him.
Dr Bright of London, who at the time was staying in Dolgellau advised him to bath in Ffynnon Fair.
After bathing several times the fits had completely vanished and he has felt nothing during the last five years.
Miss Mary Anne Pugh – daughter of Ellis Pugh, bootmaker, of St Paul’s Place Manchester suffered from paralysis in one side so that she could not lift her hand or walk.
Mr Williams, a physician of Dolgellau advised her to bathe in the well, since when she could lift her hand above her head and run around with ease.

A number of sources highlight the fact that two roman coins were found by it and use this as an indication of the longevity of use of the spring. This record appears to be based on a note by Lhuyd in the 1690s who records that several coins were found in the neighbourhood of the well, of which two were in his possession. From this distance in time we cannot really judge what radius he might define as being “in the neighbourhood of the well” or impute that the coins were left, either intentionally or not, by visitors to the well.

Ffynnon Fair, dolgellau

Some 25 yards further along the track, on its right hand side we reach another spring. This appeared as a boggy overgrown piece of land beneath a large tree on the August day we visited. This is Ffynnon Llygaid, the eye spring, which was visited in the past to treat complaints of the eye. This would suggest that in its time it has been a particularly clean water source. Unfortunately this is clearly no longer the case. A number of stones lying around suggest that possibly there may have been some small structure around it, but it is hard to see through the weed and no record that I have seen suggests this.

Ffynnon y Llygaid, dolgellau

Ffynnon Fair,  SH72601755

Ffynnon Llygaid, SH72551757

Baner ac Amserau Cymru 25 October 1899 (retrieved from British Newspaper Archive)

Caernarfonshire and Denbigh Herald 16 October 1880 (retrieved from British Newspaper Archive)
Dysgedydd Crefyddol August 1852  (retrieved from National Library of Wales – Welsh Journals Online)
Llygad y Ffynnon the well is discussed in several issues between summer 2006 and Christmas 2008.

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